SUBSTANTIVE LAW LÀ GÌ

     

Procedural law consists of the set of rules that govern the proceedings of the court in criminal lawsuits as well as civil và administrative proceedings. The court needs khổng lồ conform khổng lồ the standards thiết đặt by procedural law, while during the proceedings. These rules ensure fair practice cùng consistency in the “due process”.

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Substantive law is a statutory law that giao dịch with the legal relationship between people or the people với the state. Therefore, substantive law defines the rights với duties of the people, but procedural law lays down the rules with the help of which they are enforced. The differences between the two need lớn be studied in greater detail, for better understanding.

Bài Viết: Substantive law là gì


Nội Dung


Comparison chart

Procedural Law versus Substantive Law comparison chart


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Procedural LawSubstantive Law

Definition

Powers

Application

Regulation

Đơn hàng with và lays down the ways với means by which substantive law can be enforcedĐơn sản phẩm with those areas of law which establish the rights và obligations of individuals , what individuals may or may not do
No independent powersIndependent powers to decide the fate of a case
Can be applied in non legal contextsCannot be applied in non legal contexts
By statutory lawBy Act of Parliament or goverment implemation

Differences in Structure và Nội dung

In order khổng lồ understand the differences between the structure và nội dung of substantative với procedural law, let”s use an example. If a person is accused cùng undergoing a trial, substantive law prescribes the punishment that the under-trial will face if convicted. Substantative law also defines the types of crimes và the severity depending upon factors such as whether the person is a repeat offender, whether it is a hate crime, whether it was self-defense etc. It also defines the responsibilities cùng rights of the accused.


Procedural law, on the other hand, provides the state with the machinery to enforce the substantive laws on the people. Procedural law comprises the rules by which a court hears cùng determines what happens in civil or criminal proceedings. Procedural law deals with the method và means by which substantive law is made với administered. In other words, substantive law đơn hàng with the substance of the case, how the charges are lớn be handled cùng how the facts are lớn be dealt with; while procedural law will give a step by step kích hoạt plan on how the case is supposed to lớn proceed in order to achieve the desired goals. Therefore its procedural law that helps decide whether the case requires trial or otherwise.

Here”s another good đoạn phim video clip discussing substance vs. Procedure by Prof. Ian Ayers, Yale Law School.

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Powers of Substantive vs. Procedural Laws

Substantive law is an independent set of laws that decide the fate of a case. It can actually decide the fate of the under-trial, whether he wins or loses cùng even the compensation amounts etc. Procedural laws on the other hand, have no independent existence. Therefore, procedural laws only tell us how the legal process is to lớn be executed, whereas substantive laws have the power lớn offer legal solution.

Differences in Application

Another important difference lies in the applications of the two. Procedural laws are applicable in non legal contexts, whereas substantive laws are not. So, basically the essential substance of a trial is underlined by substantive law, whereas procedural law chalks out the steps to lớn get there.


Example

An example of substantive law is how degrees of murder are defined. Depending upon the circumstances với whether the muderer had the intent lớn commit the crime, the same act of homicide can fall under different levels of punishment. This is defined in the statute và is substantive law.

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Examples of procedural laws include the time allowed for one các buổi tiệc nhỏ to sue another với the rules governing the process of the lawsuit.

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Bài Viết: Substantive Law Là Gì – công cụ Nội Dung, Luật bề ngoài Được Dịch

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